Crystalline zinc blende GaAs has been grown on a trigonal c-plane sapphire substrate by molecular beam epitaxy. The initial stage of GaAs thin film growth has been investigated extensively in this paper. When grown on c-plane sapphire, it takes (111) crystal orientation with twinning as a major problem. Direct growth of GaAs on sapphire results in three-dimensional GaAs islands, almost 50% twin volume, and a weak in-plane correlation with the substrate. Introducing a thin AlAs nucleation layer results in complete wetting of the substrate, better in-plane correlation with the substrate, and reduced twinning to 16%. Further, we investigated the effect of growth temperature, pregrowth sapphire substrate surface treatment, and in-situ annealing on the quality of the GaAs epilayer. We have been able to reduce the twin volume below 2% and an X-ray diffraction rocking curve line width to 223 arcsec. A good quality GaAs on sapphire can result in the implementation of microwave photonic functionality on a photonic chip.Découvrez aussi
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